In the UK, about 1 in 8 men will get prostate cancer at some point in their lives. Older men, men with a family history of prostate cancer and men of black African and black Caribbean descent are more at risk.
Everything you wanted to know about prostate cancer (and weren't afraid to ask)
Following the announcement, in February 2018, that the number of prostate cancer deaths annually had overtaken deaths from breast cancer, PC UK specialist nurses drew together their answers to the most commonly asked questions about Prostate Cancer. You can find the questions and the answers here.
Also, after the brave announcements from Stephen Fry and Bill Turnbull about their prostate cancer, the nurses have been taking a lot of calls from men wanting to find out about symptoms of prostate cancer and wondering if they could or should be tested and what that involves. Specialist Nurse Ali Rooke sets out the facts here.
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test
This measures the total amount of PSA in your blood. PSA is a protein produced by both normal cells in the prostate and prostate cancer cells. It is normal for all men to have a small amount of PSA in their blood. A raised PSA level may indicate a problem with your prostate, but not necessarily prostate cancer. All men aged over 50 are entitled to have a PSA test as long as they have first talked through the pros and cons with their GP. You can have a PSA test at your GP surgery.
What is Advanced Prostate Cancer?
PC UK have produced a new animation:“What is advanced prostate cancer?”. It is for men with advanced prostate cancer and their friends and family. It’s been developed as part of the online self-management guide on advanced prostate cancer. The aim is to help people understand what advanced prostate cancer is, how it can spread, and how it might cause problems, in a way that is easy-to-understand.
This should give people the background knowledge to understand the problems they might have and how they might be able to use self-management technique and hopefully increase confidence when men are discussing these problems with health professionals and accessing further support. Videos with more information accessible here
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Most men with early prostate cancer don’t have any symptoms. However, if the cancer grows near the urethra and presses against it, this could change the way you urinate.
Urinating problems could also be a sign of an enlarged prostate, or another health problem. However, it’s a good idea to get it checked out.
Possible changes include:
If prostate cancer breaks out of the prostate, or spreads to other parts of the body, it can cause other symptoms, including:
Back, hip or pelvis pain
Problems getting or keeping an erection
Blood in urine or semen
Unexplained weight loss.
All these symptoms can all be caused by other health problems, but it’s still a good idea to tell your GP about any symptoms so they can make sure you get the right treatment, if you need it.
Difficulty starting to urinate or emptying bladder
A weak flow of urine
A feeling that your bladder hasn’t emptied properly